Training Produced Water Treatment for Re-Injection

Training Produced Water Treatment for Re-Injection

  PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT FOR RE-INJECTION     Training Produced Water Treatment for Re-Injection - Produced water is the largest single fluid stream in exploration and production operations. It consists of formation water, or flood water previously injected in to the formation. Generally, produced water may be injected with minimal treatment. If the injected water contains solids large enough to plug the formation, injectivity will decline. Downhole solids contributing to plugging may include not only the solids escaping filtration, but solids generated after water treatment (eg corrosion, scale, and bacterial products). Consequently, stringent corrosion inhibition, scale inhibition and bacterial control, as well as filtration, may be required for matrix rate injection. This course is designed as an effective practical shortcut to understand produced water chemistry, the main water contaminants, corrosion and bacterial problems, mineral scale formation, equipment and pipeline plugging, injection well and formation plugging, the method and operation of produced water treatment for reinjection, for either surface operation engineers or subsurface petroleum engineers, and...
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